Further enlargement of the European Union to include Bulgaria and Romania
The euro officially became the new currency in 11 European countries
The European Central Bank was established .
The Montreal Protocol on Substances That Deplete the Ozone Layer came into force
American communications giant AT&T Bell was broken up into 22 separate companies under the terms of an antitrust agreement
Brunei became independent from the UK
Death of Alexis Korner, British blues musician
The Internet was created when the ARPANET officially switched to using Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP).
The USA and China formally established diplomatic relations. Celebrations were held in Washington and Beijing
Britain enters EEC Common Market (with Ireland and Denmark)
First 'Top of the Pops' on BBC TV
Farthing ceases to be legal tender in UK
Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba, overthrowing Fulgencio Batista
Cultivars of plants (those created by selective breeding) named after this date must be named in a modern language, not in Latin, to avoid confusing them with natural botanical species
The European Community was established .
The British Nationality Act came into effect. It established the status of Citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies, and granted those citizens the right to enter and live in the United Kingdom
The undeclared war between India and Pakistan ended when the United Nations negotiated a cease-fire in Kashmir
British railways were nationalised to form British Rail .
The Constitution of Italy came into force 39448.
Coal Mines nationalised
Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay, USA became a federal prison
Nancy Astor becomes first Female MP
The first old-age pensions were paid in Britain
Birth of Dana Andrews, American actor
Alan Ross born 1907 (died 1980). Linguistician best known for his 'Linguistic class-indicators in present-day English' (Neuphilologische Mitteilungen, 1954) on U and non-U English, incorporated into Nancy Mitford's Noblesse Oblige: an Enquiry into the Ide
Manchester Ship Canal opens
Birth of William J. Donovan, American Director of the Office of Strategic Services during WWII (The O.S.S. later became the CIA).
Britains 1st telephone directory is published
Registration of births, marriages and deaths made compulsory in Scotland.
Invasion of France by Allies
The importation of African slaves into the United States was banned .
Union Jack official British flag – The Kingdom of Ireland merged with the Kingdom of Great Britain, adding St. Patrick's saltire to the Union Flag
John Walter publishes first edition of The Times (called The Daily Universal Register for 3 years)
The Act of Union between England and Scotland signed