Prohibition of smoking in enclosed public places in England (thus completing cover of the entire UK)
The Queen officially opened the Scottish Parliament in Edinburgh
Britain hands back Hong Kong to China
Death of Robert Mitchum, actor
PLO chairman Yasser Arafat returned to Gaza after 27 years in exile
Excavation begins on the Channel Tunnel (see 1990 & 1994)
The Motion Picture Association of America introduced the PG-13 rating, for films containing intense scenes intended for a teenage audience
Death of R. Buckminster Fuller, American architect and philosopher .
The Sony Walkman was launched
Death of Juan Peron, President of Argentina
Investiture of Prince Charles as Prince of Wales at Caernarfon Castle
Britain, the USA, the Soviet Union and 58 other nations signed the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty.
First colour TV in Britain
Birth of Diana, Princess of Wales
Flooding of the St. Lawrence Seaway began .
The Federal Communications Commission took over the role of regulator of broadcasting in the USA from the Federal Radio Commission
Canada suspended all Chinese immigration .
Start of the Battle of the Somme. 20,000 British troops died and 40,000 were injured on Day 1 of the battle.
Birth of Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (Note: her year of birth is in question, various sources give dates ranging from 1906 to 1910).
Death of Allan Pinkerton, Scottish-born American detective, founder of the Pinkerton private detective agency, the first of its kind in the USA
Joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace’s papers on evolution, at the Linnean Society, London.
Registration of Births, Marriages and Deaths became compulsory in England & Wales.
Battle of the Boyne – Jacobite forces defeated by William
Birth of Gottfried Leibniz, mathematician