The European Court of Human Rights was founded in Strasbourg .
The Maastricht Treaty came into effect, formally establishing the European Union.
East Germany reopened its border with Czechoslovakia
Death of Louis Johnson, New Zealand poet .
Death of King Vidor, American film director
Death of Mamie Eisenhower, First Lady of the United States (195361)
The first stretch of the M1 motorway was opened. Britains first motorway service station also opened that day, at Watford Gap
Canadian ice hockey goalkeeper Jacques Plante became the first player to wear a protective mask in a professional game, after being struck in the face
6,000 people were killed off the coast of southern Manchuria when a Chinese merchant ship exploded and sunk.
The first animal (a rabbit) born after being conceived by artificial insemination was shown to the world
Terence Cuneo born 1907 (died 1996). Painter of railway trains and of portraits.
Birth of Antonio Canova, Italian sculptor (One of the greatest exponents of Neoclassicism)
The Tempest first presented
Birth of Sir Matthew Hale, English legal scholar and Lord Chief Justice
Othello first presented