Death of Gene Autry, American entertainer (‘The singing cowboy’) .
Neil Kinnock was elected leader of Britain’s Labour Party .
The first recorded case of live sextuplets being born in Britain .
Death of Marcel Duchamp, French artist .
The Redwood National Park was established in California .
The first episode of The Twilight Zone was broadcast by CBS in the USA
Guinea proclaimed its independence from France .
Death of Marie Stopes, Scottish birth-control campaigner .
Britain tests first Nuclear Bomb
Opus Dei was founded in Madrid, Spain by Roman Catholic priest Josemaría Escrivá (later made a saint).
US President Woodrow Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralysed
The first rugby match was played at Twickenham Stadium, London
Royal Navy launches 1st submarine
Keir Hardie becomes 1st Labour MP
Death of Anne-Jules, 2nd Duke of Noailles, French general .
Dutch lens maker Hans Lippershey demonstrated the first telescope .
Battle of Largs, Ayrshire – King Alexander III said to have defeated Norwegian invaders under King Haakon IV