Death of Tammy Wynette, American country singer .
Death of Wendy O. Williams, American punk rock singer (‘The Plasmatics’).
A plane carrying Rwandan president Juvénal Habyarimana and Burundian president Cyprien Ntaryamira was shot down by extremists. This event marked the beginning of the Rwandan Genocide, and civil war broke out the following day
US President Jimmy Carter signed legislation that extended the mandatory retirement age for most workers from 65 to 70.
PAYE income tax begins
Teflon (also known as PTFE or Polytetrafluoroethylene) was invented by Dr Roy Plunkett at DuPont research laboratories, New Jersey, USA.
Birth of Hermann Lang, German racing driver
American explorers Robert Peary and Matthew Henson became the first men to reach the North Pole
Death of Thomas Beecham. Marketer of patent medicine, selling pills under the slogan 'Worth a guinea a box'. Grandfather of SAir Thoimas Beecham, the conductor.
First modern Olympic Games held in Athens
Death of Francis Richeux, guillotined in Paris. The event was witnessed by Leo Tolstoy and had a profound effect on him.
Napoleon abdicates and is exiled to Elba
The American Fur Company was founded by John Jacob Astor .
English explorer Henry Hudson set off from Amsterdam in search of the North-West Passage
Dover Straits earthquake, largest in the recorded history of England, mentioned by Shakespeare – dozens of ships sunk and a tsunami hit Calais
Richard I dies having spent most of his reign abroad – succeeded by his brother John (to 1216)