Britain’s House of Lords agreed to allow television cameras to broadcast live debates from its chamber.
Death of Slim Pickens (Louis B. Lindley, Jr.), American cowboy and actor .
John Lennon assassinated in New York
Death of Golda Meir, Russian-born Prime Minister of Israel (1969–74) .
Chinese Civil War: with the Communists now in control of China, the Chinese Nationalist government evacuated to Taipei, Taiwan
USA enters the War
RAC (Royal Automobile Club) Established
Clifton Suspension Bridge over the River Avon officially opened
Death of Thomas de Quincey, British writer, intellectual and critic (Confessions of an English Opium-Eater)
Death of Thomas Corneille, French dramatist
Birth of Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor 300.
First actress plays in London (Margaret Hughes as Desdemona)
The Mexican border town of Juárez was founded as El Paso del Norte (North Pass) by Spanish explorers. (Note: the town was later split into two when the Rio Grande river that passes through it was established as the USA-Mexico border. The northern part the
The Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan, Italy opened to the public. It was the second public library in Europe (after the Bodleian Library in Oxford)