Mountaineers Reinhold Messner (Italy) and Peter Habeler (Austria) became the first to climb Everest without oxygen.
Death of Wilfred Rhodes, cricketer
Death of Vivien Leigh, actor
South Africa banned mixed race marriages
Death of (Henry) Havelock Ellis, British essayist and physician who studied human sexual behaviour and challenged Victorian taboos
Birth of Marty Feldman, British comedian and actor .
Death of Anthony Hope, British novelist (‘The Prisoner of Zenda’) .
Birth of Nelson Rockefeller, US Vice-President (1974–77) .
Francisca Rojas was the first person convicted using fingerprint evidence. (She had murdered her two children in Buenos Aires).
The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) was founded in London
Death of King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway, succeeded by Charles IV
Birth of John D Rockefeller, oilman and philanthropist
Birth of Tom Cribb, prize fighter
French and Indian War: French troops successfully defended Fort Carillon (later Fort Ticonderoga), New York, against British forces despite being.
Great Northern War: Battle of Poltava, eastern Ukraine Peter the Great of Russia defeated Charles XII of Sweden. This effectively ended Swedens role as a major power in Europe
Vasco da Gama sets sail on first direct European voyage to India.