Death of Robert Mapplethorpe, American photographer
Death of Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist and Nobel Prize winner .
The Barbie doll was launched at the International Toy Fair, New York
Death of Frank Wedekind, German playwright whose best known play was Frühlings Erwachen (Spring Awakening) and whose satirical work resulted in imprisonment on one occasion.
Inter Milan Football Club was founded .
Death of Mary Anning, possibly the greatest fossil hunter ever known, and the inspiration for the tongue twister 'she sells sea shells on the sea shore'.
Birth of Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist who studied the function of different regions of the brain.
Death of Ralph Montagu, 1st Duke of Montagu, British diplomat. He built Montagu House in Bloomsbury, London, which became the British Museum from 1759 to 1842. The present museum stands on the same site
Murder of David Riccio (or Rizzio) in Holyrood House
The fleet commanded by Pedro Alvares Cabral sailed from Lisbon on journey that led to the discovery of Brazil and it eventually becoming a Portuguese colony.