Nelson Mandela released in South Africa
Margaret Thatcher becomes leader of Conservative party (in opposition)
Martin Drew Jazz drummer born
Italy and the Vatican signed the Lateran Treaty, which recognised the Vatican Citys independence and sovereignty
Birth of Max Baer, American world heavyweight boxing champion & actor
Birth of Joseph Mankiewicz, American film director, producer and writer
Birth of Vivian Fuchs, British geologist and Antarctic explorer
EW (Jim) Swanton born 1907 (died 2002). Cricket correspondent of The Daily Telegraph, 1946-75. He published more than eight million words on cricket alone.
Bernadette Soubirous saw a vision of the Virgin Mary in Lourdes, France
Birth of Melville Weston Fuller, 8th Chief Justice of the United States .
American engineer and inventor Robert Fulton patented the steamboat
Anthracite was first burned as a fuel
Britain declares war on France (1793-1802)