Death of DeForest Kelley, American actor (played Dr Leonard Bones McCoy in the Star Trek films and television series)
Death of Enrico Berlinguer, Italian Communist Party leader (197284)
Death of John Wayne, award-winning American film actor
British engineer Christopher Cockerell launched his prototype hovercraft SRN-1 in the Solent at Southampton
83 spectators were killed at the Le Mans 24 hour race when an Austin Healey and Mercedes Benz collided.
Birth of Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer, whose TV programmes were very influential in both interesting the general public about the undersea world and promoting conservation.
Northamptonshire were dismissed for 12 runs by Gloucestershire, the lowest score ever recorded in a first class cricket match.
Death of Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich, Austrian statesman and diplomat who helped form an alliance against Napoleon that restored Austria as a leading European power
Captain James Cook in the Endeavour ran aground on the Great Barrier Reef during his voyage up the eastern seaboard of Australia.
George I dies – George II Hanover becomes king
Battle of Drumclog
Battle of Sauchieburn