Birth of Slim Dusty, Australian folk singer whose recording of "A Pub with no Beer" was a global success.
Birth of Dorothy L Sayers, English writer. Creator of the detective and incunabula collector Lord Peter Wimsey.
Death of Ludwig II of Bavaria, drowned with his doctor in the lake at Castle Berg where he was being detained as insane.
Start of the Anglo Portuguese Alliance, later ratified as the Treaty of Windsor, which is the oldest alliance between two countries which is still in force.