Death of Enzo Ferrari, Italian car manufacturer .
Death of J. B. Priestley, British novelist and playwright
The Fastnet yacht race was hit by a freak storm in the Irish Sea. 15 people were killed and 23 yachts were sunk or abandoned
British Troops sent to Northern Ireland
Death of Frédéric Joliot, French physicist, Nobel Prize winner .
Death of Bertolt Brecht, dramatist
Death of William Randolph Hearst, newspaper proprietor
sub-continent partitioned to form India (Secular, Hindu majority) and Pakistan (Islamic)
Death in Owensboro, Kentucky of Rainey Bethea, the last person to be executed in public in the United States.
Death of Alfred Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Northcliffe, newspaper proprietor
The first beauty contest was held, in Folkestone, England .
Feliks Topolski born 1907 (died 1989) Artist. After a quarter of a century's work in Britain he became widely known in the early 1960s for his portraits accompanying John Freeman's Face to Face television interviews.
Birth of John Galsworthy, writer and Nobel Laureate