American cartoonist Charles M. Schulz announced that he was retiring his popular Peanuts comic strip due to ill health
Death of A. Leon Higginbotham, Jr., American civil rights advocate, writer and appeals court judge.
Death of Norman Fell, American actor (‘Mr Roper’) .
Death of Myrna Loy, American film actress .
Death of Andrei Sakharov, Russian nuclear physicist and dissident who won the Nobel Peace Price for his work as a human rights campaigner
Americans Dick Rutan and Jeana Yeager made the first non-stop flight around the world without refuelling, piloting the experimental plane Voyager
Israel formally annexed the Golan Heights, which it had occupied since the Six-Day War in 1967
The album London Calling by The Clash was released
Death of Stanley Spencer, British artist
The Soviet Union was expelled from the League of Nations for aggression against Finland
British women over 30 voted in the General Election for the first time .
National Insurance in Britain
Amundsen reaches the south pole
Birth of Edward Tatum, American geneticist, won the Nobel Prize for showing that genes regulate chemical processes in living things
Birth of Morey Amsterdam, American comedian and actor .
First flight of Wilbur & Orville Wright
Opening of the Underground Railway (the 'shooglie') in Glasgow – remains the only underground in Scotland
Prince Albert dies
Death of King James V of Scots; his baby daughter Mary 'Queen of Scots' succeeds him, just 6 days old