Death of Richard (‘Dick’) McDonald, American fast-food entrepreneur .
The Large Electron Positron Collider (LEP) was inaugurated at CERN in Switzerland. It was 16.8 miles (27 km) in circumference
In the USA, the $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 bills were withdrawn from circulation, leaving the $100 bill as the largest unit of currency
Death of Grock, Swiss clown
The first nuclear-powered warship, the USS Long Beach, was launched in Quincy, Massachusetts, USA
The Iraqi army overthrew the monarchy in a military coup led by General Kassem. King Faisal was killed and a republic proclaimed.
Adolf Hitler banned all political parties in Germany except the Nazi Party .
Nazi Germany passed the ‘Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring’, also known as the ‘Sterilisation Law’.
The first play, Pirandello's The Man with a Flower in His Mouth, was transmitted on British TV
Birth of Ingmar Bergman, Swedish film and theatre director .
Birth of F R Leavis, critic
Edward Whymper was the first person to climb the Matterhorn
Birth of Emmeline Pankhurst, British leader of the women’s suffrage movement.
Death of Madame de Stael, writer
The French Revolution begins – storming of the Bastille