Death of Frank Sinatra, American singer and actor .
Death of Marjory Stoneman Douglas, American conservationist .
Death of William Randolph Hearst, Jr., American newspaper magnate .
Death of Jean Rhys, Dominican-born British novelist (Wide Sargasso Sea)
Death of Sidney Bechet, influential American jazz saxophonist
British rule in Palestine came to an end and the independent state of Israel was proclaimed.
Death of James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher .
Children's charity NSPCC launched in London
Dr Edward Jenner gave first vaccination for smallpox in England
Judge Mansfield rules that there is no legal basis for slavery in England
The Protestant Union, a coalition of Protestant German states, was founded in Auhausen.
Death of Charles III, Duke of Lorraine .
Jamestown, Virginia settled – to become the first permanent British colony in North America
Battle of Agnadello, northern Italy French forces defeated the Venetians
Simon de Montfort's army defeats Henry III at the Battle of Lewes