First rail service direct from London St Pancras to Paris (replacing that from Waterloo)
The first fare-paying passengers travelled through the Channel Tunnel
British Defence Secretary Michael Heseltine announced that the first American Cruise missiles had arrived at Greenham Common airbase.
NASA launched Apollo 12, the second manned mission to the Moon
First regular UK singles chart published by the New Musical Express
Birth of Charles, Prince of Wales, heir to the British throne .
Leon Trotsky was expelled from the Soviet Communist Party
BBC begins Broadcasts
Czechoslovakia became a republic .
Birth of Joseph R. McCarthy, American politician who claimed that the US Government had been infiltrated by communists.
Death of Guangxu (also spelt Kuang-hsü), Emperor of China .
Eddystone Lighthouse (Henry Winstanley's) first lit; completed 10 days earlier (but see 1703)
Shakespeare marries Anne Hathaway