Death of Henry Way Kendall, American nuclear physicist, won the Nobel Prize for proving the existence of sub-atomic particles known as quarks
The Soviet Union withdrew the last of its troops from Afghanistan after nine years of military occupation
Death of Ethel Merman, American singer and actress
Decimalisation of coinage in UK and Republic of Ireland
The first successful in vitro fertilisation of human egg cells was announced by British physiologist Robert G. Edwards of Cambridge University
Death of Owen Willans Richardson, British physicist, won the Nobel Prize for his work on electron emissions, the principle used in vacuum tubes
Giuseppe Zangara attempted to assassinate President-elect Franklin D. Roosevelt in Miami, Florida. Instead he shot Chicago Mayor, Anton J..
Death of Herbert Henry Asquith, British Prime Minister (1908–16) .
Oregon became the 33rd state of the USA
Birth of George Ferris, American engineer who invented the Ferris wheel
Birth of Cyrus McCormick, American industrialist, inventor of the horsedrawn mechanical reaper which led to the cultivation of the Great Plains
Birth of Friedrich August Wolf, German classical scholar and teacher, founder of modern philology
Benjamin Franklin began selling mustard in the USA after discovering it in France.