Death of Gianni Versace, fashion designer
First item sold on Amazon.com
Death of Ernest Bloch, Swiss-born American composer
Death of Ernst Bloch
1,700 US Marines landed in Beirut to provide military support to the pro- Western Lebanese government.
The British branch of Alcoholics Anonymous was founded in London .
Death of Irving Babbitt, American literary critic .
Birth of Dame Iris Murdoch, writer
World War I: the Second Battle of the Marne began .
Death of Anton Chekhov, writer
Death of General Tom Thumb (Charles Stratton), American circus midget and showman.
Birth of Dame Marie Tempest, actress
Birth of Henry Edward Cardinal Manning, English Roman Catholic Archbishop.
Birth of Sir Henry Cole, British civil servant, who promoted and oversaw the preserving of the national archives, launching the Penny Post, and introducing the first commercial Christmas cards.
Rosetta Stone discovered in Egypt, made possible the deciphering (in 1822) of Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics
Birth of Sir Richard Westmacott, sculpture
Death of Annibale Carracci, Italian Baroque artist
Jerusalem falls to the Crusaders
St Swithun's body was moved to an indoor shrine. Legend says this was accompanied by bad weather, hence if it rains on St Swithun's Day bad weather will continue for 40 days.