Death of Rosalind Franklin, Scientist whose work as a crystallographer was key to understanding the structure of DNA.
The Natural Bridges National Monument was established in Utah, USA .
Death of Samuel Smiles, Scottish writer of Self Help - one of the first and probably the best of the books on self improvement.
Death of Alexis de Tocqueville, French political scientist and historian, best known for his work Democracy in America
The Rush-Bagot Treaty formalising the border between Canada and the United States was ratified by the US Senate.
Battle of Culloden – last battle fought in Britain – 5,000 Highlanders routed by the Duke of Cumberland and 9,000 loyalists Scots.