A powerful earthquake struck Izmit, Western Turkey, flattening much of the town and killing more than 17,000 with many more injured.
US President Bill Clinton admitted having an inappropriate relationship with former White House intern Monica Lewinsky.
Electronic tagging of a criminal was used for the first time in Britain
Death of Zia ul-Haq, President of Pakistan, along with several others, when their plane exploded in mid-air in mysterious circumstances.
Death of Ira Gershwin, American lyricist .
Double Eagle II became the first hot-air balloon to cross the Atlantic, flown by Americans Max Anderson, Ben Abruzzo and Larry Newman.
Hurricane Camille hit the coast of Mississippi, killing 248 people and causing $1.5 billion worth of damage
Birth of David Koresh, American leader of the Branch Davidians religious cult whose members were killed by the FBI in the Waco siege of 1993
Death in Auschwitz of Irene Nemirovsky Ukranian born French novelist, who despite being a Catholic was executed for having Jewish parents.
First fatality in Britain caused by a motor car when Bridget Driscoll, en-route to a folk dancing display at Crystal Palace, stepped in front of a vehicle travelling at 4 mph.
Death of Matthew Boulton, British manufacturer and engineer.
Inaugural journey of the North River Steamboat on its transit between New York City and Albany - the first commercial steamboat service in the world.
Battle of Preston