Death of Esther Rolle, American actress .
Thousands of protesters marched through Prague demanding an end to Communist rule in Czechoslovakia. Riot police crushed the revolt
The first strategic arms limitation talks (SALT) between the USA and the USSR opened in Helsinki, Finland
The De Beers diamond company in South Africa announced that they had produced the worlds first synthetic industrial diamonds
Death of Heitor Villa-Lobos, Brazilian composer
Death of Herman Hollerith, American statistician, inventor of the tabulating machine, an early mechanical computer that used punched cards and was an important precursor to modern electronic computers
Death of Robert Owen, Welsh social reformer, one of the founders of socialism and the cooperative movement.
Livingstone finds the Victoria Falls
Birth of Henry Philpott controversial Bishop of Worcester.
Death of Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch artist .
Queen Mary Tudor of England dies and is succeeded by her half-sister Elizabeth – Protestantism restored in England
King Edward I awards Scottish crown to John Baliol ('Toom Tabard', or 'empty coat')
Birth of Vespasian, Emperor of the Roman Empire (6979 AD)