Death of Grandpa Jones, American entertainer .
Britain, Greece and Turkey signed an agreement granting Cyprus its independence. (Came into effect in August 1960)
American poet Ezra Pound was awarded the first Bollingen Prize
Abolition of serfdom in Russia
Birth of Svante Arrhenius, Nobel Laureate Swedish physicist and chemist, whose work explained how different levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere affect ground temperature.
Birth of Elie Ducommun, Swiss writer and editor, Nobel Prize winner .
British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
Death of Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun
Birth of Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish polymath who first deduced that the earth rotates on its axis and circled round the sun.
Constantine II issued a decree closing all pagan temples in the Roman Empire.