Death of Huey P. Newton, American political activist, co-founder of the Black Panther Party, shot dead
The Perth Mint issued the world’s first platinum coin, the $200 koala .
Death of Jomo Kenyatta, President and founding father of Kenya.
Match of the Day starts on BBC2
Death of Roger Martin du Gard, French writer, Nobel Prize winner .
Birth of Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer .
Red Cross established – Twelve nations sign the First Geneva Convention
First 'America's Cup' (round the Isle of Wight) won by the yacht America (after which the trophy was subsequently named)
Birth of Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astrophysicist and aeronautics pioneer who built the first powered heavier-than-air machine to achieve sustained flight
HMS Resolution arrives back in England at the end of James Cook's third voyage, although Cook had been killed in Hawaii.
English Civil war Begins
Battle of Bosworth Field; Richard III killed – beginning of Tudors (Henry VII)
Battle of The Standard' near Northallerton – English forces repelled a Scottish army