Death of James Earl Ray, convicted killer of American civil rights leader Martin Luther King (died in prison).
Scientists at the US Department of Energys Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory found evidence of the top quark subatomic particle after a ten-year search
HIV, the virus that causes Aids, was discovered by scientists in the USA and France
Death of Buster Crabbe, American swimmer and actor .
Britain’s first decimal coins, the 5p and 10p, were issued .
Britains first heliport opened in London
Death of Rupert Brooke, English war poet, who died from septicaemia whilst at sea en-route to the Dardanelles, and was buried on the island of Skyros.
US President Theodore Roosevelt signed an act creating the US Army Reserve.
Jack Dash born 1907 (died 1989). Communist unofficial dockers' leader. Denounced in the Commons in 1966 by Harold Wilson when Prime Minister.
Birth of Lee Miller, photographer who accompanied US troops to Dachau when working as a war correspondent for Vogue.
Birth of Max Planck, German physicist who developed quantum theory, Nobel Prize winner.
Birth in Edinburgh of Andrew Young author of the hymn, There is a Happy Land.
Death of Miguel de Cervantes (of Don Quixote fame) in Madrid
Death of William Shakespeare, dramatist and poet
Birth of William Shakespeare, dramatist and poet
English order of knighthood founded