The USSR began a blockade of Berlin, cutting off all routes between West Germany and West Berlin. The Allies organised a massive airlift.
Berlin blockade started by the Soviet Union
A bloodless coup led to a new constitution being proclaimed in Siam (Thailand)
Birth of William Penney, British nuclear physicist, part of the Manhattan Project, led Britains development of the atomic bomb
Death of Sarah Orne Jewett, American novelist and short story writer
Death of Grover Cleveland, former President of the United States .
Death of Grover Cleveland, US President
Birth of Victor Francis Hess, Austrian-born American physicist, Nobel Prize winner.
Second War of Italian Independence: Battle of Solferino, Italy France and Sardinia defeated Austria
Birth of Horatio, 1st Earl Kitchner, World War 1 Field Marshal
Grand Lodge of English Freemasons formed
The Elizabethan Prayer Book was first used
Birth of Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, favourite of Elizabeth 1
Henry VIII was crowned King of England
Order of the Garter founded by King Edward III of England – motto 'Honi soit qui mal y pense'
Edward III personally commands the English fleet in their victory over the French off Sluys
Battle of Bannockburn – Scots under Robert the Bruce routed the English led by Edward II – resulted in Scottish independence