The Soufrière Hills volcano in Montserrat, West Indies, erupted, destroying the capital, Plymouth, and leading to the evacuation of the southern and central parts of the island
The Russian space station Mir suffered serious damage when an unmanned supply ship collided with it while docking
Death of Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian
Death of Alberto Ginastera, Argentine composer .
Death of Johnny Mercer, Oscar winning lyricist and one of the great contributors to the oeuvre now known as the Great American Songbook.
Korean War starts (to 27 Jul 1953)
Dr Douglas Hyde was inaugurated as the first President of Ireland .
Birth of Willard Van Orman Quine, American philosopher .
Death of Stamford White whose buildings included the Boston Public Library. He was murdered by Harry Kendall Thaw, about whom the word playboy was first used.
Battle of Little Big Horn – Custer's last stand; last major North American Indian victory
Birth of Georges Courteline, French dramatist and novelist .
Birth of Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect whose Sagrada Familia is still under construction in Barcelona..
Birth of Tsar Alexander I