Apartheid ended in South Africa. (Now celebrated as Freedom Day)
First use of computer mouse (by Xerox PARC system)
Abortion is legalised in Britain
All able-bodied British men aged 20 to 21 were conscripted into the army.
First performance of Handel's Music for the Royal Fireworks (in Green Park, London) – to celebrate the Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle ending the War of the Austrian Succession
Death of Ferdinand Magellan, killed in the Philippines after becoming involved in a battle between two rival chieftains.
Pope Julius II excommunicated every citizen in the Republic of Venice
David I becomes King of Scotland