Publication of first Harry Potter novel Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone
Death of Lilliam Hellman, dramatist
The Equal Rights Amendment (passed by Congress in 1972) failed to secure ratification by sufficient states to be included in the US Constitution
Virginia Wade wins the Ladies Singles title at Wimbledon
Death of Nancy Mitford, writer
Nigeria banned night flights of food aid from the Red Cross
German Troops invade Channel Islands
Gone With The Wind published
Death of Kurt von Schleicher, Chancellor of Germany (19321933), assassinated by Hitlers SS on the Night of the Long Knives (see above)
Night of the Long Knives Adolf Hitler ordered the assassination of hundreds of Nazi party members who he believed had the potential to become political enemies
Birth of Harry Blackstone, Jr., American magician and illusionist
Birth of Winston Graham, British writer (Note: some sources give his year of birth as 1910).
The Tunguska impact event – a powerful, naturally-occurring explosion devastated an area of central Siberia 70 miles in diameter.
Tower Bridge first opens
Birth of Sir Stanley Spencer, artist
French acrobat Blondin successfully crossed Niagara Falls on a tightrope
Birth of Sir Joseph Hooker, botanist
Seven Years War: Battle of Domstadtl .
Birth of John Gay, dramatist (The Beggar's Opera)
Battle of Adwalton Moor
Death of Montezuma II, Aztec emperor