The wearing of seatbelts became compulsory in Britain for drivers and front seat passengers.
The first successful launch of an American satellite into orbit – Explorer I .
Said to be the biggest civil catastrophe in Britain in the 20th century – severe storm and high tides caused the loss of hundreds of lives –- effects travelled from the west coast of Scotland round to the south-east coast of England [The Netherlands were
Death of John Galsworthy, British writer and Nobel Prize winner .
Lord de Clifford, born 1907 (died 1988). In 1935 the last peer to be tried by the House of Lords. He was acquitted of 'feloniously killing and slaying Douglas George Hopkins by driving a motor recklessly on the Kingston Bypass'.
Brunel’s steamship ‘The Great Eastern’ was launched at Millwall, London .
Corn Laws abolished
Guy Fawkes and co-conspirators executed